Tracking patients, charts and equipment in hospitals and across integrated health delivery networks is mostly done manually on white boards or manual entry within health information systems. Some health delivery networks have adopted systems using a combination of infrared and radio frequency (RF) technology to help manage the tracking process. This paper proposes an approach that can improve the operational efficiency of a health delivery network by automating this process through the use of RF identification (RFID) tags. RFID tags are low power communication devices that can be embedded in a patient's ID bracelet, inside a patient chart and medical equipment, and can help track their location and status
Most medical facilities practice managing the large numbers of seriously injured patients expected during catastrophic events. As the demands on the healthcare team increase, however, the challenges faced by managers escalate, workflow bottlenecks develop and system capacity decreases. iTrack Healthcare System, an integrated software–hardware system designed to enhance management of resources at a hospital during a mass casualty situation.
System uses active 802.11b asset tags to track patients, equipment and staff during the response to a disaster. The system integrates tag position information with data from personnel databases, medical information systems, registration applications and other management systems. System includes interfaces for a hospital command center, local area managers (emergency room, operating suites, radiology, etc.) and registration personnel.
As mentioned before, we aim to describe how the RFID technology can help in medical facilities and hospitals. Thus, this subsection describes an example RFID enhanced hospital, a smart hospital. To start with, many assets and actors of the facilities have to be tagged":
Furthermore, RFID readers are placed at strategic places within the hospital
Eventually, while not mandatory for most use cases, EPC Network standards should be used as much as possible. This is especially true for the unique identifiers (EPC standard), the readers (Gen2 EPCGlobal standards) as well as for the application queries for authoritative information (PML and ONS standard).